Inventories are the largest current asset of any judi online business. Inventory valuation is a process through which companies or businesses offer monetary value for their inventories and generate accurate financial statements. It is important to measure inventories for matching expenses and revenue figures and take good business decisions for a long-term.
Ideally, there are two ways of doing so: LIFO (Last-in, first-out) and FIFO (First-in, first-out). Businesses are often confused about FIFO Vs LIFO. In this article, we’ve explained each inventory valuation method in detail with examples.
What is LIFO?
The LIFO (Last-in, first-out) process is mainly used to place an accounting value on inventories. It is based on the theory that the last inventory item purchased is the first one to be sold. LIFO method is like any store where the clerks stock the last item from front and customers purchase items from front itself. This means that inventory located at the back is never bought and therefore remains in the store. Presently, LIFO is hardly practiced by businesses since inventories are rarely sold, therefore they become old and gradually lose their value. This brings significant loss to company’s business.
The only reason for using LIFO is when companies assume that inventory cost will increase over time, which means prices will inflate. While implementing LIFO system, cost of recently obtained inventories goes higher, as compared to inventories, purchased earlier. As a result, the ending inventory balance is valued at previous costs whereas the most recent costs appear in the cost of goods sold. By moving high-cost inventories to cost of goods sold, businesses can lower their reported profit levels and defer income tax recognition. Therefore, income tax deferral is the most common answer for using LIFO while evaluating current assets. Due to this, it is strictly banned according to standards of financial reporting; however prevalent across US.
Advantages Of Using LIFO Method :
- During inflation environment, cost of goods is higher whereas remaining inventory balance in lower. Through LIFO, the main advantage lies in reporting lower profits, which in turn, allows businesses to pay less tax.
- It is more apt for matching cost and revenue figures and allows complete recovery of material cost.
- LIFO is simple to understand, easy to operate.